Books x Peer-reviewed Papers x Book Chapters x Book Reviews x Conference Papers x Lectures

Finding God Without Losing Yourself (in press)

Resolving the Conflict with God and Self
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From A Weakspot To A Hotshot (2015)

Life-changing insights on how to live/lead a complete life

Think Up [TMAFRICA Journal] (2013)

The Church in Africa Engaging Plurality


Journal Articles

Counted, V., Moustafa, A., & Renzaho, A. (in press). Migration and Socio-demographic Factors Associated with the Sense of Place Attitudes of Sub-Saharan Africans in Northern and Western Netherlands. Journal of Community Psychology

Keywords: Sense of place theory; place attachment; place identity; place dependence; African diaspora and migration


Counted, V., Possamai, A., McAuliffe, C., Meade, T. (in press). Attachment to Australia, Attachment to God, and Quality of Life Outcomes among the African Christian Diaspora in New South Wales: A Cross-sectional Study. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health. DOI:

Keywords: Adult attachment theory; Place attachment; Attachment to God; African diaspora in Australia; Health-related quality of life outcomes; the circle of place spirituality


Counted, V. & Zock, H. (in press). Place Spirituality: an attachment perspective. Archive for the Psychology of Religion

Keywords: Place Spirituality; The Circle of Place Spirituality; Attachment-Religion Framework; Attachment theory; Religion and Place; Psychology of Place Spirituality




Counted, V. (in press). The Circle of Place Spirituality (CoPS): Towards an attachment and exploration motivational systems approach in the psychology of religion. Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion.

Keywords: The Circle of Place Spirituality; Motivational Systems Theory; Attachment Needs; Exploration Curiosity; Motivational Drives and Spirituality; People-place Relationship; Believer-God Relationship



Counted, V. (2018). Domains of Religious Coping Behaviour among African Christians in NSW Australia: An Exploratory Qualitative Study. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health. DOI: 10.1080/19349637.2018.1476948 (Download PDF)

Keywords: Religious Coping Behaviour; Australian African Diaspora; Avoidant Attachment; Positive Religious Coping; Negative Religious Coping; Human-based Coping; Migration Experiences


Counted, V. and Miller, J.R. (2018). Pastoral Juxtaposition in Spiritual Care: Toward a caregiving faith theology in an evangelical Christian context. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 74(2), a4630. (Download PDF) 

Keywords: Theology of Juxtaposition; Pastoral Theology; Spiritual Care; Pastoral Juxtaposition; Caregiving Faith Theology; Attachment Theory and Religion; Incarnational Figures; Power of Two 


Counted, V., Possamai, A., Meade, T. (2018). Relational Spirituality and Quality of Life 2007 to 2017: An Integrative Research Review. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 16:75. (Download PDF)

Keywords: Relational Spirituality; Attachment-Religion Framework; Quality of Life; Psychological Health; Physical Health; Social Relationship QoL; Environmental Health; Spiritual Functioning; Integrative Review




Conference Presentations

  • Paper: In Search of a Safe Haven: Place Attachment, Mobility, and Spirituality in the African Diaspora. A presentation at the International Association for People-Environment Studies Conference at Roma Tre University, Rome, Italy 8 – 13, 2018. PDF
  • Paper: Between Emotions and Feelings: Attachment to God, Attitudes toward God, and Quality of Life. A presentation at the 6th European Conference on Religion, Spirituality, and Health, and 5th International Conference of British Association for the Study of Spirituality at  Coventry University UK, May 17 – 19, 2018. PDF


Journal Articles

Counted, V. and Watts, F. (2017). Place Attachment in the Bible: The role of attachment to sacred places in religious life. Journal of Psychology and Theology 45(3): 218-232. (Download PDF)

Keywords: Place Attachment Theory; Biblical Place Theology; Psychology and Theology; Sacred Places; Place Spirituality




Counted, V. (2017). Attachment Theory and Religious Violence: Theorizing adult religious psychopathology. Journal for the Study of Religion 30(1): 78-109. (Download PDF)

Keywords: Religion and Attachment; Religious Violence; Religious Conflict and Attachment; Adult Religious Psychopathology; Attachment-motivated Terrorism; Attachment-Religion Framework 



Counted, V. and Moustafa, A.A. (2017). Between God and Self: Exploring the attachment to God and authenticity/inauthenticity tendencies of South African Christian youthsMental Health, Religion & Culture 20(2): 109-127. (Download PDF)

Keywords: Attachment to God; Self Authenticity; Inauthenticity; South African Youths; Christian Millennials; God and Self Relationality; Quantitative Study




Conference Presentations


Journal Articles

Counted, V. (2016). The Psychology of Youth Faith Formation: A Care-giving Faith? Journal of Youth and Theology, 15(2): 146 – 172. (Download PDF)

Keywords: Attachment Theory; Youth Identity Crisis; Youth Faith Formation; Caregiving Faith; Attachment Correspondence Model; Attachment Compensation Model



Counted, V. (2016). Making Sense of Place Attachment: Towards a Holistic Understanding of People-place Relationships and Experiences. In T.R.E. Paddock & C.P. Heidkamp (Eds), Environment, Space, Place, 8(1): 7-32. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press (Download PDF)

Keywords: Sense of Place; People-place Relationships; Place Attachment; Place Identity; Place Dependence; Environmental Psychology



Counted, V. (2016). Missionising Youth Identity Crisis: Towards a Missional Hermeneutic of Care in Youth Ministry Practice. Missionalia 44(1): 85–102. (Download PDF) 

Keywords: Youth Identity Crisis; Missional Hermeneutics; Missional Therapy; Youth Ministry Practice; Caregiving Faith; Attachment and Youth Faith Formation



Counted, V. (2016). Being Authentic is the New Image: A Qualitative Study on the Authenticity Constructions and Self-images of Christian Millennials in Africa. Mental Health, Religion, & Culture, 19(3): 268–294. (Download PDF) 

Keywords: Authenticity Theory; South African Youths; Self-images; The Borderline Self; The Promissory Self; The Hyphenated Self; The Religious Self



Counted, V. (2016). God as an Attachment Figure: A Case Study of the God Attachment Language and God Concepts of Anxiously Attached Christian Youths in South Africa. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health, Vol 18(4): 316-346. (Download PDF)

Keywords: Attachment Theory; Faith Development; Anxious God Attachment; Youth Faith Formation; Spirituality and Mental Health; God attachment criteria



Counted, A.V. & J.O. Arawole (2016). “We Are Connected, But Constrained”: Internet Inequality and the Challenges of Millennials in Africa as Actors in Innovation. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Vol 5 (3). (Download PDF) 

Keywords: Internet Inequality; Functionalist theory; Digital Divide; African Millennials; Innovation and Inequality.




Conference Presentations

  • Paper: Investigating youth identity crisis and the internal conflict with the divine and self. A paper to be presented in the Youth, health and Practical Justice Conference at the Faculty of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Australia – 5 December 2016. PDF
  • Paper: The Circle of Place Spirituality: A Study of the African Diaspora in the Netherlands. A paper to be presented at The Australian Association for the Study of Religion Annual Conference (26 November, 2016), hosted by the Institute for Religion, Politics, and Society, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne Australia. PDF
  • Paper: Spirituality and Well-being in South African Youths. A paper presented at the Spirituality, Culture, and Well-being Conference at Exclesia College Sydney, Australia (4 – 5 Oct. 2016). PDF
  • Paper: Place attachment, spirituality, and mental health: A study of the African diaspora in Europe. A poster for the European Conference on Religion, Spirituality and Health at the University of Gdansk, Poland (May 12-14, 2016)
  • Paper: Patterns of the God-image Functioning: A study of Christian youths in South Africa. A paper presented at the International Association of the Study of Youth Ministry at the Protestant Theological University, Amsterdam, Netherlands. (March 30 – 2nd April, 2016). PDF


Journal Articles

Counted, A.V. (2015). Understanding God images and God concepts: Towards a pastoral hermeneutics of the God attachment experience. Verbum et Ecclesia, 36(1), Art. #1389, 14. (Download PDF)

Keywords: God Images; God Concepts; Attachment to God; Pastoral Hermeneutics; Pastoral Care



Counted, A.V. (2015). African Women, Religion, and Health: Essays in Honor of Mercy Amba Ewudziwa Oduyoye. Journal of Religion and Health, 55(1): 350–354(Download PDF)

Keywords: African Women Health; Womanist Theology; Mercy Amba Ewudziwa Oduyoye; Religion and Health





Conference Presentations

  • Lecture: Youth Identity Crisis: God Images and Self Images Lecture presented at the Christian Youth Forum Stellenbosch, April 24, 2015. PDF
  • Paper: A ‘Just and Loving Gaze’ On Homosexuality and Attachment: The Impact of abandonment conflict on human sexuality. In Conference proceedings: ICGSDS 2015: International Conference on Gender, Sexuality and Diversity Studies, Malaysia (Feb 12-13, 2015)
  • Paper: Being Authentic is the New ‘Pieces’: A Mixed Methods Study on Authenticity among African Christian Millennials. In Conference proceedings: ICCPBS 2015: XIII International Conference on Cognitive, Psychological and Behavioral Sciences, Zurich Switzerland (January 13 – 14, 2015)
  • Paper: Mission as Connectedness: Digital Natives, Technology and Christian Community Formation in Embodied and Disembodied Spaces. Paper presented at the South African Missiological Society conference at North-West University Mafikeng, South Africa – April 13 – 15, 2014. PDF

Forthcoming Book